Modern biology has become data intensive and data dependent, often requiring integrative analysis. A wealth of information, is generated in different areas of Biology and Biotechnology every year in India. However, in the absence of any central data repository for life sciences and biotechnology data in India, both data-sharing and data-dependent research are restricted. Due to lack of infrastructure, Indian researchers are unable to archive the underlying raw data from published and unpublished studies. As a result, studies involving analysis of big data are restricted and the possibility of discovering emergent properties in living systems is limited. Additionally, there is a lot of sensitive human and biodiversity data that needs to be stored securely and in a manner that is accessible to appropriate scientists. To address these requirements, the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India has supported the development of the Indian Biological Data Centre (IBDC). The IBDC is located at the Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB) in Faridabad, Haryana and NIC, Bhubaneshwar. The Centre is formed through a collaboration between RCB, National Institute of Immunology-New Delhi and the International Centre for Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering –New Delhi, with help from the National Informatics Centre.